“Smart city” projects aim to design the cities of tomorrow - more innovative, inclusive and sustainable cities. Thanks to the use of information and communication technologies, these projects aspire to improve the quality of services provided for its citizens.
A smart city mobilises investments in human and social capital, but also in infrastructures and flows (human, material, information) to feed sustainable economic development as well as a high quality of life. All aspects of urban life are impacted by the smart city approach: mobility, safety, cleanliness, access to information and services, etc.
Adopted on 29 June 2015, the “Marseille, Digital City” label sets the framework for an ambitious policy for the city in terms of the development of digital technologies.
The Smart City dynamic is supported by specific national and European funding programs. They bring together public and private investors, and encourage innovation and international cooperation. The SMARTSEILLE project (http://www.smartseille.com/) is a good practise.developped on the Euro-mediterranean area.
III - THE SUPPORT OF EUROPEAN PROGRAMMES
The development of Smart Cities is a priority for the European Union, which is encouraging this by implementing specific funding programmes, which the City of Marseille intends to make the most of.
Structural and investment funds are the main financial tool of the European Union’s regional policy. With a budget of close to €300 million for the 2014-2020 period, the ERDF regional programme is led by the PACA region’s managing authority. The development of the economy and of digital services are priority areas of intervention.
Horizon 2020 is the great European support programme for research and innovation. It encourages cooperation between universities, research institutes, businesses and communities. The Smart City component constitutes an integral part of this programme.